Ammonium Chloride

Name: Ammonium Chloride


Mechanism of Action

Increases acidity by increasing the amount of hydrogen ion concentrations


Metabolism: Ammonium ion is converted to urea in the liver; chloride ion replaces bicarbonate

Excretion: Urine

Ammonium Chloride Drug Class

Ammonium Chloride is part of the drug classes:

  • Acidifiers

  • Electrolyte solutions

Ammonium Chloride and Pregnancy

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.

Ammonium Chloride falls into category C:

In animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication and had some babies born with problems. No well-controlled studies have been done in humans, though. Therefore, this medication may be used if the potential benefits to the mother outweigh the potential risks to the unborn child.


There are no well-controlled studies that have been done in pregnant women. Ammonium Chloride should be used during pregnancy only if the possible benefit outweighs the possible risk to the unborn baby.


No studies have been done in animals, and no well-controlled studies have been done in pregnant women. Ammonium Chloride should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Ammonium Chloride Dosage

Take ammonium chloride exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

The Ammonium Chloride dose your doctor recommends will be based on the following (use any or all that apply):

  • the condition being treated
  • other medical conditions you have
  • other medications you are taking
  • how you respond to this medication
  • your weight
  • your height
  • your age
  • your gender

Ammonium Chloride is available in the following doses:

  • Ammonium Chloride 486 Mg Oral Delayed Release Tablet
  • Ammonium Chloride 5 Meq/ml Intravenous Solution
  • Ammonium Chloride 500 Mg Oral Tablet
  • Ammonium Chloride Compounding Powder
  • Ammonium Chloride/cpm/codeine/pe 33.3 Mg-2 Mg-9.85 Mg-5 Mg/5 Ml Oral Liquid
  • Ammonium Chloride/cpm/dm/ephedrine/ipecac/pe Oral Syrup

Indications and usage

Ammonium Chloride Injection, USP, after dilution in isotonic sodium chloride injection, may be indicated in the treatment of patients with (1) hypochloremic states and (2) metabolic alkalosis.