Amphotericin B Cholesteryl Sulfate Complex

Name: Amphotericin B Cholesteryl Sulfate Complex

How do I store and/or throw out Amphotericin B Cholesteryl Sulfate Complex?

  • If you need to store this medicine at home, talk with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about how to store it.
  • Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.

Index Terms

  • ABCD
  • Amphotericin B Colloidal Dispersion

Brand Names U.S.

  • Amphotec [DSC]

Off Label Uses

Candida species infections (serious)

Based on the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis, a lipid formulation of amphotericin B (eg, amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate complex) is effective and recommended for the treatment of serious Candida species infections.

Dosing Geriatric

Refer to adult dosing.

Administration

Initially infuse at 1 mg/kg/hour. Rate of infusion may be increased with subsequent doses as patient tolerance allows (minimum infusion time: 2 hours). For a patient who experiences chills, fever, hypotension, nausea, or other nonanaphylactic infusion-related reactions, premedicate with the following drugs 30-60 minutes prior to drug administration: A nonsteroidal with or without diphenhydramine or acetaminophen with diphenhydramine or hydrocortisone 50-100 mg with or without a nonsteroidal and diphenhydramine (Paterson, 2008). If the patient experiences rigors during the infusion, meperidine may be administered. If severe respiratory distress occurs, the infusion should be immediately discontinued.

Drug Interactions

Alfuzosin: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Amifostine: Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of Amifostine. Management: When amifostine is used at chemotherapy doses, blood pressure lowering medications should be withheld for 24 hours prior to amifostine administration. If blood pressure lowering therapy cannot be withheld, amifostine should not be administered. Consider therapy modification

Aminoglycosides: Amphotericin B may enhance the nephrotoxic effect of Aminoglycosides. Monitor therapy

Antifungal Agents (Azole Derivatives, Systemic): May diminish the therapeutic effect of Amphotericin B. Monitor therapy

Antipsychotic Agents (Second Generation [Atypical]): Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of Antipsychotic Agents (Second Generation [Atypical]). Monitor therapy

Barbiturates: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Benperidol: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Blood Pressure Lowering Agents: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Hypotension-Associated Agents. Monitor therapy

Brimonidine (Topical): May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Cardiac Glycosides: Amphotericin B may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Cardiac Glycosides. Monitor therapy

Colistimethate: Amphotericin B may enhance the nephrotoxic effect of Colistimethate. Consider therapy modification

Corticosteroids (Orally Inhaled): May enhance the hypokalemic effect of Amphotericin B. Monitor therapy

Corticosteroids (Systemic): May enhance the hypokalemic effect of Amphotericin B. Monitor therapy

CycloSPORINE (Systemic): Amphotericin B may enhance the nephrotoxic effect of CycloSPORINE (Systemic). Monitor therapy

Diazoxide: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Dronabinol: May increase the serum concentration of Amphotericin B. Specifically, dronabinol may displace amphotericin B from its protein-binding sites, leading to an increased concentration of active, unbound drug. Monitor therapy

DULoxetine: Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of DULoxetine. Monitor therapy

Flucytosine: Amphotericin B may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Flucytosine. This may be related to the adverse effects of amphotericin B on renal function. Monitor therapy

Foscarnet: May enhance the nephrotoxic effect of Amphotericin B. Avoid combination

Ganciclovir-Valganciclovir: May enhance the nephrotoxic effect of Amphotericin B. Monitor therapy

Herbs (Hypotensive Properties): May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Hypotension-Associated Agents: Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of Hypotension-Associated Agents. Monitor therapy

Levodopa: Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of Levodopa. Monitor therapy

Lormetazepam: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Methoxyflurane: May enhance the nephrotoxic effect of Amphotericin B. Avoid combination

Molsidomine: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Naftopidil: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Nicergoline: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Nicorandil: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Nitroprusside: Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of Nitroprusside. Monitor therapy

Obinutuzumab: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Management: Consider temporarily withholding blood pressure lowering medications beginning 12 hours prior to obinutuzumab infusion and continuing until 1 hour after the end of the infusion. Consider therapy modification

Pentoxifylline: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Pholcodine: Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of Pholcodine. Monitor therapy

Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Prostacyclin Analogues: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Quinagolide: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor therapy

Saccharomyces boulardii: Antifungal Agents (Systemic, Oral) may diminish the therapeutic effect of Saccharomyces boulardii. Avoid combination

Sodium Stibogluconate: Amphotericin B may enhance the cardiotoxic effect of Sodium Stibogluconate. Consider therapy modification

Adverse Reactions

Amphotericin B colloidal dispersion has an improved therapeutic index compared to conventional amphotericin B, and has been used safely in patients with amphotericin B-related nephrotoxicity; however, continued decline of renal function has occurred in some patients.

>10%:

Cardiovascular: Hypotension, tachycardia

Central nervous system: Chills

Endocrine & metabolic: Hypokalemia

Gastrointestinal: Vomiting

Hepatic: Hyperbilirubinemia

Renal: Increased serum creatinine

Miscellaneous: Fever

5% to 10%:

Cardiovascular: Chest pain, facial edema, hypertension

Central nervous system: Abnormality in thinking, drowsiness, headache, insomnia

Dermatologic: Diaphoresis, pruritus, skin rash

Endocrine & metabolic: Hyperglycemia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hypophosphatemia

Gastrointestinal: Abdominal pain, diarrhea, enlargement of abdomen, hematemesis, nausea, stomatitis, xerostomia

Hematologic & oncologic: Anemia, hemorrhage, thrombocytopenia

Hepatic: Abnormal hepatic function tests, increased serum alkaline phosphatase, jaundice

Neuromuscular & skeletal: Back pain, muscle rigidity, tremor

Respiratory: Dyspnea, epistaxis, hypoxia, increased cough, rhinitis

<5% (Limited to important or life-threatening): Acidosis, atrial arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, cardiac failure, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hepatic failure, injection site reaction, oliguria, pain at injection site, pleural effusion, renal failure, seizure, syncope, ventricular arrhythmia

Patient Education

• Discuss specific use of drug and side effects with patient as it relates to treatment. (HCAHPS: During this hospital stay, were you given any medicine that you had not taken before? Before giving you any new medicine, how often did hospital staff tell you what the medicine was for? How often did hospital staff describe possible side effects in a way you could understand?)

• Patient may experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite, weight loss, muscle pain, joint pain, or abdominal pain. Have patient report immediately to prescriber signs of liver problems (dark urine, fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, light-colored stools, vomiting, or jaundice), signs of kidney problems (urinary retention, hematuria, change in amount of urine passed, or weight gain), signs of fluid and electrolyte problems (mood changes, confusion, muscle pain or weakness, abnormal heartbeat, severe dizziness or passing out, tachycardia, increased thirst, seizures, loss of strength and energy, lack of appetite, urinary retention or change in amount of urine passed, dry mouth, dry eyes, or nausea or vomiting), shortness of breath, chills, severe dizziness, passing out, fast breathing, tachycardia, severe headache, bruising, or bleeding (HCAHPS).

• Educate patient about signs of a significant reaction (eg, wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat). Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Patient should consult prescriber for additional questions.

Intended Use and Disclaimer: Should not be printed and given to patients. This information is intended to serve as a concise initial reference for healthcare professionals to use when discussing medications with a patient. You must ultimately rely on your own discretion, experience and judgment in diagnosing, treating and advising patients.

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