Anthrax vaccine Intramuscular

Name: Anthrax vaccine Intramuscular

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

  • Biothrax

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Suspension

Therapeutic Class: Vaccine

Before Using anthrax vaccine

In deciding to use a vaccine, the risks of taking the vaccine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this vaccine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to anthrax vaccine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of anthrax vaccine in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Anthrax vaccine is not indicated for use in the patients older than 65 years of age.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters D Studies in pregnant women have demonstrated a risk to the fetus. However, the benefits of therapy in a life threatening situation or a serious disease, may outweigh the potential risk.

Breast Feeding

Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this vaccine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Anthrax infection, history of—May increase risk for more serious side effects.
  • Blood clotting problems or
  • Thin blood from medicines (eg, warfarin, Coumadin®)—The vaccine will be given as a shot under the skin.
  • Weak immune system—The vaccine may not work as well in patients with this condition.

anthrax vaccine Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
  • Pain, redness, tenderness, or limited movement of the arm where the injection is given
Less common
  • Swollen, painful, or tender lymph glands in the neck, armpit, or groin
Incidence not known
  • Blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
  • chills
  • cough
  • diarrhea
  • difficulty with swallowing
  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • fast heartbeat
  • hives or welts, skin rash
  • joint or muscle pain
  • large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • red skin lesions, often with a purple center
  • red, irritated eyes
  • redness of the skin
  • shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
  • shortness of breath
  • sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
  • trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Headache
  • muscle aches and pains
Incidence not known
  • Burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
  • dark-colored urine
  • difficulty with moving
  • feeling of warmth
  • hair loss or thinning of the hair
  • muscle cramps or spasms
  • muscle pain or stiffness
  • nausea
  • redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
  • swollen joints
  • trouble sleeping

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Precautions

Before you receive this vaccine, tell the health care professional if you are allergic to it; or to latex; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your health care professional for more details.

Before receiving this vaccination, tell your health care professional your medical history, especially of: current fever/illness, immune system problems (such as HIV infection), bleeding disorders (such as hemophilia, thrombocytopenia).

This vaccine is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby. Consult your health care professional for more details.

It is unknown if this vaccine passes into breast milk. Consult your health care professional before breast-feeding.

Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your health care professional. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this vaccine include: "blood thinners" (such as warfarin), chemotherapy, corticosteroids (such as prednisone, dexamethasone), drugs that weaken the immune system (such as cyclosporine, tacrolimus).

Overdose

Not applicable.

Notes

As with any vaccine, this vaccine may not fully protect everyone who receives it.

Missed Dose

It is important that you receive each vaccination as scheduled. Be sure to ask when each dose should be received, and make a note on a calendar to help you remember.

Storage

Store in the refrigerator. Do not freeze. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.Information last revised March 2017. Copyright(c) 2017 First Databank, Inc.

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