Avinza

Name: Avinza

In case of emergency/overdose

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911.

Symptoms of overdose may include the following:

  • slow, shallow, or irregular breathing
  • sleepiness
  • loss of consciousness
  • limp muscles
  • cold, clammy skin
  • small pupils
  • slow heartbeat
  • blurred vision
  • nausea
  • fainting

Drug interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.Some products that may interact with this drug include: products that contain alcohol (such as cough-and-cold syrups), certain pain medications (mixed narcotic agonist-antagonists such as pentazocine, nalbuphine, butorphanol), narcotic antagonists (such as naltrexone).Other medications can affect how morphine works and your risk for side effects. Examples include cimetidine, quinidine, rifampin, among others.The risk of serious side effects (such as slow/shallow breathing, severe drowsiness/dizziness) may be increased if this medication is taken with other products that may also affect breathing or cause drowsiness. Therefore, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products such as medicine for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, and other narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine).Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including amylase/lipase levels), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: slow breathing, slow heartbeat, loss of consciousness.

Descriptions

Morphine is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It belongs to the group of medicines called narcotic analgesics (pain medicines). Morphine acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain.

Morphine extended-release capsules or tablets should not be used if you need pain medicine for just a short time, such as when recovering from surgery. Do not use this medicine to relieve mild pain, or in situations when non-narcotic medication is effective. This medicine should not be used to treat pain that you only have once in a while or "as needed".

When morphine is used for a long time, it may become habit-forming, causing mental or physical dependence. However, people who have continuing pain should not let the fear of dependence keep them from using narcotics to relieve their pain. Mental dependence (addiction) is not likely to occur when narcotics are used for this purpose. Physical dependence may lead to withdrawal side effects if treatment is stopped suddenly. However, severe withdrawal side effects can usually be prevented by gradually reducing the dose over a period of time before treatment is stopped completely.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Capsule, Extended Release
  • Capsule, Extended Release, 24 HR
  • Solution
  • Tablet, Extended Release
  • Capsule
  • Tablet
  • Powder for Suspension, Extended Release
  • Capsule, Delayed Release
  • Syrup

Warnings

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

Uses of Avinza

Avinza is a prescription medication used to treat moderate to severe pain. Avinza is used for pain that is expected to persist for an extended period of time.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. 

Other Requirements

Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.

Avinza is a federally controlled substance (CII) because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep this medication in a safe place to prevent misuse and abuse. Selling or giving away Avinza may harm others, and is against the law.

Avinza Description

Avinza extended-release capsules are for oral use and contain pellets of morphine sulfate. Morphine sulfate is an agonist at the mu-opioid receptor.

Each Avinza extended-release capsule contains either 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, or 120 mg of morphine sulfate, USP and the following inactive ingredients: ammoniomethacrylate copolymers, NF, fumaric acid, NF, povidone, USP, sodium lauryl sulfate, NF, sugar starch spheres, NF, and talc, USP.

The capsule shell contains black ink, gelatin, titanium dioxide, D&C yellow No. 10 (30 mg), FD&C blue No. 2 (45 mg), FD&C green No. 3 (60 mg), FDA iron oxide and FDA yellow iron oxide (75 mg), FD&C red No. 40 (90 mg), FD&C red No. 3 (120 mg), and FD&C blue No. 1 (120 mg).

The chemical name of morphine sulfate is 7,8-didehydro-4,5 alpha-epoxy-17-methylmorphinan-3,6 alpha-diol sulfate (2:1) (salt) pentahydrate with a molecular weight of 758. The empirical formula is (C17H19NO3)2●H2SO4●5H2O.

Morphine sulfate is an odorless, white, crystalline powder. It is soluble in water and slightly soluble in alcohol, but is practically insoluble in chloroform or ether. The octanol:water partition coefficient of morphine is 1.42 at physiologic pH and the pKa is 7.9 for the tertiary nitrogen (the majority is ionized at pH 7.4). Its structural formula is:

Clinical Studies

Avinza was studied in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose, parallel group trial in 295 patients with moderate to severe pain due to osteoarthritis. These patients had either a prior sub-optimal response to acetaminophen, NSAID therapy, or previously received intermittent opioid analgesic therapy. Thirty-milligrams Avinza capsules administered once-daily, either in the morning or the evening, were more effective than placebo in reducing pain.

Table 2 Change from Baseline in WOMAC OA Index Pain VAS Subscale Score
Overall Placebo Avinza QAM Avinza QPM
* P<0.05; REPEATED MEASURES ANALYSIS
LS Mean -36.23 -75.26* -75.39*
Std. Error 11.482 11.305 11.747

This study was not designed to assess the effects of Avinza on the course of the osteoarthritis.

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

30 mg extended-release capsule: size 3 capsule, yellow cap and white, opaque body imprinted Avinza 30 mg and 505.

NDC 60793-605-01: Bottles of 100 capsules.

45 mg extended-release capsule: size 3 capsule, light blue cap and white, opaque body imprinted Avinza 45 mg and 509.

NDC 60793-603-01: Bottles of 100 capsules.

60 mg extended-release capsule: size 3 capsule, bluish-green cap and white, opaque body imprinted Avinza 60 mg and 506.

NDC 60793-606-01: Bottles of 100 capsules.

75 mg extended-release capsule: size 1 capsule, orange cap and white, opaque body imprinted Avinza 75 mg and 510.

NDC 60793-604-01: Bottles of 100 capsules.

90 mg extended-release capsule: size 1 capsule, red cap and white, opaque body imprinted Avinza 90 mg and 507.

NDC 60793-607-01: Bottles of 100 capsules.

120 mg extended-release capsule: size 1 capsule, blue-violet cap and white, opaque body imprinted Avinza 120 mg and 508.

NDC 60793-608-01: Bottles of 100 capsules.

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15–30°C (59–86°F). [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]

Protect from light and moisture.

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in USP.

CAUTION: DEA Order Form Required.

What happens if i miss a dose (avinza, kadian, ms contin, msir, oramorph sr)?

Since morphine is sometimes used as needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. If you are using the medication regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and wait until your next regularly scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

Extended-release morphine is not for use on an as-needed basis for pain.

For the Consumer

Applies to morphine: oral capsule, oral capsule delayed release, oral capsule extended release, oral capsule extended release 24 hr, oral powder for suspension extended release, oral solution, oral syrup, oral tablet, oral tablet extended release

Other dosage forms:

  • epidural suspension extended release
  • injection injectable, injection solution

Along with its needed effects, morphine (the active ingredient contained in Avinza) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking morphine:

Less common
  • Abdominal or stomach pain
  • blurred vision
  • bulging soft spot on the head of an infant
  • burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
  • change in the ability to see colors, especially blue or yellow
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • confusion
  • cough
  • decreased urination
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  • fainting
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  • headache
  • hives, itching, or skin rash
  • increased sweating
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea or vomiting
  • nervousness
  • pounding in the ears
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • severe constipation
  • severe vomiting
  • shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
  • slow heartbeat
  • sweating or chills
Incidence not known
  • Black, tarry stools
  • cold, clammy skin
  • feeling of warmth or heat
  • flushing or redness of the skin, especially on the face and neck
  • irregular, fast or slow, or shallow breathing
  • lightheadedness
  • loss of consciousness
  • low blood pressure or pulse
  • painful urination
  • pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin
  • pale skin
  • pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • pounding in the ears
  • shakiness and unsteady walk
  • unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • very slow heartbeat

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking morphine:

Symptoms of overdose
  • Constricted, pinpoint, or small pupils (black part of the eye)
  • decreased awareness or responsiveness
  • extreme drowsiness
  • fever
  • increased blood pressure
  • increased thirst
  • lower back or side pain
  • muscle cramps or spasms
  • muscle pain or stiffness
  • no muscle tone or movement
  • severe sleepiness
  • swelling of the face, fingers, or lower legs
  • weight gain

Some side effects of morphine may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Cramps
  • difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
  • drowsiness
  • false or unusual sense of well-being
  • relaxed and calm feeling
  • sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • weight loss
Less common
  • Absent, missed, or irregular menstrual periods
  • agitation
  • bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
  • change in vision
  • depression
  • dry mouth
  • face is warm or hot to touch
  • floating feeling
  • halos around lights
  • heartburn or indigestion
  • loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
  • muscle stiffness or tightness
  • night blindness
  • overbright appearance of lights
  • problems with muscle control
  • redness of the skin
  • skin rash
  • stomach discomfort or upset
  • trouble sleeping
  • uncontrolled eye movements
Incidence not known
  • Abnormal dreams
  • change in walking and balance
  • change or problem with discharge of semen
  • clumsiness or unsteadiness
  • confusion as to time, place, or person
  • delusions
  • dementia
  • feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness
  • holding false beliefs that cannot be changed by fact
  • problems with memory
  • seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
  • sensation of spinning
  • unusual excitement, nervousness, or restlessness

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